What we now call “Venetian stuccos” associated with a specific technique of application, which as a historical concept does not exist but is a vulgarization of certain types of stucco that were made in Venice, have their origin in the techniques of decorative plaster developed in the the dawn of the Venetian Renaissance (XV), probably as an evolution of other processes such as the “gesso forte” (strong gypsum), the technique was called “Spatolatto or Pastellone” and the formula was based on fine gypsum alabaster hemihydrated (construction plaster; the one that has lost the water of crystallization by cooking), with animal glue (of veal skin) as a binder, pigments and water. To this mixture, with which several lines were applied on the facing, was added in the last hand, that of the “Spatolatto”, flax oil and a wax emulsion.
They belong to the family of the so-called “lustrous stuccos”, therefore brilliant by definition and of marble evocation, with or without veining, in most cases.
This and other ancient and noble parietal decorative “languages” were recovered for our world, by Venetian architect Carlo A. Scarpa from 1955, pioneer in introducing avant-garde artisan techniques to Venetian art, together with Maestro Eugenio de Luiggi.
The “Venetian stuccos” that we now manufacture as our Classic Venetian, have more to do with later evolutions of this technique, fine and inert (without binders) finishes. Some were reviewed in old treatises such as that of the master Giacomo Querini di Venecia, published in 1889 and are derivations in some cases perhaps of encaustic painting.
These ancient languages are the logical connection between crafts and art.
Due to the professionalism that has been perceived in the application workshops of our country in the last 15 years, the specialized manufacturer has to respond, in the form of concrete products to this evolution, presented variants with different technical characteristics.
To this specialization Coloris has responded following his philosophy of work: absolute connection to the professional world, the maintenance of the mineral spirit of the stuccos, try to recreate formulas of the time replacing only those chemical elements not suitable for industrial manufacture, also looking for a comfortable laying in work, without forgetting that there are other constructive elements of enclosure, lifting and plastering of walls that did not exist before, on which the materials have to behave correctly.
We also present a broad palette of colors based on both the traditional and avant-garde concept.
To meet these requirements Coloris offers a range of materials with an interesting technical and aesthetic concept.
It is an inert mineral stucco that is to say without any type of binder, for internal use, for the realization of decorative plasters, with a clear marble vocation, with better plasticity in terms of application, perhaps, than the Venetians with lime, its final appearance It presents some “espatuleados or waters” more marked than those based on fat lime, which are more blurred.It presents magnificent adhesion and transparency, ideal for bicolor techniques “fresh on dry”, for its consistency and fast hardening, also the best for the placement of templates and masking systems. As a differentiation comment that this stucco can be projected by machine, in its first hands giving the finish to level.
VENETIAN TO THE LIME
It is a mineral lime based lime coating for indoor use, to also make decorative plasters and compositions (glossy stucco), with a bright marble effect, good plasticity and depth. It differs from the Classic Venetian in that the “waters” that they present are less defined and from the Venetian to the Crystal Lime in that it is not so thin, because it presents in its formulation thicker loads, allowing the application of fewer layers (previous plasters) stucco) or that the support is not perfectly prepared in terms of small irregularities.
This stucco is a hybrid between the Classic Venetian and the Venetian to the Cristal Lime, therefore, the drawings / “waters” and ease of application resemble the Classic Venetian, but also acquires the abstract effect of the calcium hydroxide compounds pure or fat lime.
VENETIAN TO THE CRYSTAL LIME
It differs from the Venetian to the Lime in that the proportions of lime are higher and the loads (marble impalpable powder) finer than in the latter, giving rise to a more blurred “waters”, noticing less the “Spatolatto” (patch or flat stroke) and achieving a superior shine in the final ironing, but needs a more “smooth” surface with few imperfections.
These stuccos are commonly known in the market as “grassello de calce”.
VENETIAN TO ROLLER
It is an inert mineral stucco (without binders) as well as the Classic Venetian plaster that presents good plasticity and comfortable putting into work, to obtain beautiful veins, in addition to other types of effects according to the technique to be used. The vetted finish is based on an old technique of decorative plaster of Italic origin, called in some treatises “Marmoráceo”, which was based on the creation of bas-reliefs to later fill them with the same color as the background or in a polychrome work. Therefore, they are works of marble evocation, although with these techniques avant-garde effects can be achieved.